Finger Fracture

FF 300x225 Finger FractureA finger fracture is a common injury often caused by a fall or by punching someone. It usually takes four to six weeks to heal. It is also more commonly known as a mallet finger.

A break or crack in a bone is also known as a fracture. Without proper treatment a fractured finger can cause major problems. The bones in a normal hand line up precisely. They let you perform many specialized functions, such as grasping a pen or manipulating small objects in your palm. When you fracture a finger bone, it can cause your whole hand to be out of alignment. Without treatment, your broken finger might stay stiff and painful.

Causes

Generally, a fractured finger occurs as the result of an injury to your hand. You can fracture a finger when you slam your fingers in a door or put out your hands to break a fall. You can fracture a finger during a ball game if the ball jams your finger. Carelessness when working with power saws, drills, and other tools can result in a fractured finger.

FF21 300x196 Finger Fracture

Symptoms

• Swelling of the fracture site

• Tenderness at the fracture site

• Bruising at the fracture site

• Inability to move the injured finger completely

• Deformity of the injured finger

Diagnosis

FF3 137x300 Finger FractureIf you think you fractured your finger, see Dr Kevin Yip immediately and tell him exactly what happened and when it happened. Your doctor must determine not only which bone you fractured, but also how the bone broke. Bones can break in several ways. They can break straight across the bone, in a spiral, into several pieces, or shatter completely.

Dr Yip may want to see how your fingers line up when you extend your hand or make a fist. Does any finger overlap its neighbor? Does the injured finger angle in the wrong direction? Does the injured finger look too short? Your doctor may X-ray both of your hands to compare the injured finger on your uninjured finger on your other hand. See Dr Kevin Yip immediately if you fractured your finger.

Treatment

Nonsurgical Treatment

Your doctor will put your broken bone back into place, usually without surgery. You’ll get a splint or cast to hold your finger straight and protect it from further injury while it heals. Sometimes your doctor may splint the fingers next to the fractured one to provide additional support. Your doctor will tell you how long to wear the splint. Usually a splint on a fractured finger is worn for about three weeks. You may need more X-rays as you heal so your doctor can check the progress of your finger as it heals.

Surgical Treatment

Depending on the type and severity of the fracture, you may need surgery to have pins, screws, or wire put in place to hold your fractured bones together.

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