Osteoarthritis Knee is the most common type of osteoarthritis. It is a degenerative condition of arthritis in the knee. Though older people are more at risk for this condition, it can also occur in younger people, as it is also hereditary. It can also occur due to injury, overweight or some other infection. It is a wear and tear condition, in which the cartilage offering a natural cushion for the joints starts wearing away. The joint bones in the knee start rubbing together, resulting in pain and swelling as well as stiffness, as the shock absorbing benefits of the cartilage are not present. This leads to difficulty in moving and creation of bone spurs.
The condition is more prevalent in those above forty five years, with women being more prone to osteoarthritis knee. As one grows older, one is more likely to undergo this condition, as the cartilage loses its healing capacity. If the person is overweight, it exerts pressure on the knee joints and could cause the problem.
Knee Osteoarthritis can also be caused due to heredity, with some people being more prone to the condition, as they have inherited the abnormal shape of bones in the knee joint. Repetitive kneeling, squatting or other jobs such as lifting huge weights could also cause the problem due to continuous pressure on the knee area. Athletes, such as runners and tennis or soccer players are also at greater risk.
• Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration.
• Osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
• The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is pain in the affected joint(s) after repetitive use.
• There is no blood test for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis.
• The goal of treatment in osteoarthritis is to reduce joint pain and inflammation while improving and maintaining joint function.
Causes of Osteoarthritis
Primary osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis not resulting from injury or disease, is mostly a result of natural aging of the joint. With aging, the water content of the cartilage increases, and the protein makeup of cartilage degenerates. Eventually, cartilage begins to degenerate by flaking or forming tiny crevasses. In advanced osteoarthritis, there is a total loss of the cartilage cushion between the bones of the joints. Repetitive use of the worn joints over the years can irritate and inflame the cartilage, causing joint pain and swelling. Loss of the cartilage cushion causes friction between the bones, leading to pain and limitation of joint mobility. Inflammation of the cartilage can also stimulate new bone outgrowths (spurs, also referred to as osteophytes) to form around the joints. Osteoarthritis occasionally can develop in multiple members of the same family, implying a hereditary (genetic) basis for this condition
When you are diagnosed as having Osteoarthritis of knee, you need treatment for returning to mobility. The treatment involves exercise for strengthening the knee muscles and stretching exercises for increasing flexibility. You will also need to reduce weight. Several medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen are also prescribed for providing relief.
Alternative therapies using topical creams are also advised in some cases. One treatment option consists of using braces, such as the unloader braces and the support braces, for removing the weight or for supporting the weight respectively.
Medication such as Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) is a mild pain reliever with few side effects can be given. Physical therapy is also given for increasing the joint flexibility. Surgery is the final option if other treatment does not work.
Surgery is done using Arthroscopy and other minute instruments. Osteotomy is another surgical procedure for aligning the knee and for reshaping the bones. Another treatment option for Osteoarthritis knee consists of arthroplasty, where the joints get replaced by means of using artificial parts. These parts usually last for more than twenty years.
The effectiveness of the treatment for osteoarthritis of knee differs from person to person and the decision should be made jointly by you and your physician. The result is that the pain gets reduced and the functionality of the knees increases. You can make some lifestyle changes as well, by trying to lose weight and reducing activities, such as swimming and cycling and climbing stairs that can irritate the condition.
You can also make use of supporting devices, such as a cane, inserts in the shoes, shoes that are energy absorbing, wearing braces and so on. Use of elastic bandages, ice or heat can also be done in order to treat the condition.
What’s The Cure For Degenerative Arthritis?
To many people Osteoarthritis Knee is a common problem after middle age. OA is degenerative, or wear and tear, arthritis. Since osteoarthritis affects the knee joint, it is one of the most common cause of disability. In older times, people were led to believe that nothing could be done to rectify this problem. Today, experienced doctors and surgeons have many treatments for osteoarthritis knee.
Call us now at +65 9137 7787 so that you can have less pain, better movement, and enjoy enhanced quality of life.